The Gronsfeld cipher, also called Bronckhorst cipher, was invented by José de Bronckhorst (earl of Gronsfeld) in 1744. He was a Belgian diplomate who invented it to protect his communications. The Gronsfeld cipher is a polyalphabetic cipher, a series of Caesar ciphers, where the shift is determined by numbers (between 0 and 9). It is similar to the Vigenère cipher, but the key uses digits instead of letters.
Gronsfeld Cipher Tool
Knowing the encryption key
Not knowing the key
Still not seeing the correct result? Then try experimenting with the Auto Decode settings or use the Cipher Identifier Tool.
- The Gronsfeld cipher is a polyalphabetic substitution cipher, very similar to the Vigenère cipher.
- It was invented around 1744 by the Earl of Gronsfeld, José de Bronckhorst.
- A Gronsfeld cipher works like a series of Caesar ciphers. The secret key determines how many places each letter should be shifted. For example, if the secret key is 1234, the shift will be 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4, etc.
- The Gronsfeld cipher is vulnerable to letter frequency analysis, just like the Vigenère cipher. It has more limited key strength than Vigenère cipher, because the shift only be between 0-9, so unless the key is long it can be cracked by brute force methods.
Gronsfeld ciphers, and variants of it, are frequently used in CTFs, geocaching mystery caches, and logic puzzles.
Sample Gronsfeld Cipher
Code-breaking is not only fun, but also a very good exercise for your brain and cognitive skills. Why don’t you try breaking this example cipher:
zog xwn yoqsg bxpimvle hu twr lykjpdy awwpej ajjkr lheju tudcwf tnl nfpd um vmg subvm vhkf yjte gsn np tnl djut um uukroau fpd rhwljej hpi ehgavjf tungyjex
See also: Code-Breaking overview | Adfgvx cipher | Adfgx cipher | Affine cipher | Atbash cipher | Baconian cipher | Beaufort cipher | Bifid cipher | Caesar cipher | Columnar transposition | Cryptogram | Double transposition | Enigma machine | Four-square cipher | Keyed caesar cipher | One-time pad | Pigpen cipher | Playfair cipher | Rail fence cipher | Rot13 | Trifid cipher | Variant beaufort cipher | Vigenere cipher